Absent reasonable suspicion, police extension of a traffic stop in order to conduct a dog sniff violates Constitution even if it’s only seven or eight minutes. A traffic stop becomes unlawful if it is prolonged beyond the time reasonably required to complete the mission of issuing the ticket. This could include checking driver licenses, inspecting the registration and insurance, and checking for outstanding warrants. See Rodriguez v. U.S., U.S. Supreme Court, Docket 13-9972, 4/21/15.
In a case involving a pregnant UPS delivery driver with 20 pound lifting restriction, the U.S. Supreme Court found that UPS must treat pregnant workers like it treats other workers with similar disabilities. UPS had successfully argued at the Fourth Circuit that pregnant workers were different from non-pregnant workers even though UPS gave accommodations to injured workers with similar limitations. See Young v. UPS, Docket 12-1226, 3/25/15.